A variety of disorders can cause mild to severe baldness, and other follicular conditions.
Alopecia is the loss or thinning of hair. There are two types of alopecia: scarring, in which hair follicles are destroyed, and nonscarring, which can be reversed. Nonscarring Alopecia can be caused by skin disorders, certain drugs, certain diseases, autoimmunity, iron deficiency, severe stress, scalp radiation, pregnancy, or pulling at your own hair. Scarring Alopecia can be caused by skin disorders, diseases, or bacterial infections.
Hirsutism is an excessive male pattern hair growth affecting 8% of adult women. Hirsutism is caused by excess of androgen (a steroid hormone that stimulates development of male sex organs and secondary sexual characteristics). This overproduction of androgen could result from certain drugs or conditions.
Hair shaft disorders are usually hereditary abnormalities that result in split ends and hair that is dry, brittle, and coarse
The Dr. Raoof Laser & Dermatology Center offers advanced treatment for follicular conditions. Treatment for Hair Disorders may include a prescribed shampoo and conditioner specially formulated to promote hair regrowth and to prevent further hair loss.
At The Dr. Raoof Laser & Dermatology Center, the medical staff is fully equipped with the latest in diagnostic testing and treatment of nail disease. The following list contains the more common nail irregularities, diseases and disorders. If you suspect that you are suffering from any of the following, please call to make an appointment today.
Paronychia infections of the nail fold can be caused by bacteria, fungi and some viruses. The proximal and lateral nail folds act as a barrier, or seal, between the nail plate and the surrounding tissue. If a tear or a break occurs in this seal, the bacterium can easily enter. this type of infection is characterized by pain, redness and swelling of the nail folds. People who have their hands in water for extended periods may develop this condition, and it is highly contagious.
Pseudomonas bacterial infection can occur between the natural nail plate and the nail bed, and/or between an artificial nail coating and the natural nail plate
A fungal or yeast infection which results in Onychomycosis, can invade through a tear in the proximal and lateral nail folds as well as the eponychium
Tinea Unguis,or ringworm of the nails, is characterized by nail thickening, deformity, and eventually results in nail plate loss.
Onychatrophia is an atrophy or wasting away of the nail plate which causes it to lose its luster, become smaller and sometimes shed entirely. Injury or disease may account for this irregularity.
Onychogryposis are claw-type nails that are characterized by a thickened nail plate and are often the result of trauma. This type of nail plate will curve inward, pinching the nail bed and sometimes require surgical intervention to relieve the pain.
Onychorrhexis are brittle nails which often split vertically, peel and/or have vertical ridges. This irregularity can be the result of heredity, the use of strong solvents in the workplace or the home, including household cleaning solutions.
Onychauxis is evidenced by over-thickening of the nail plate and may be the result of internal disorders -- seek medical advice.
Beau's Lines are nails that are characterized by horizontal lines of darkened cells and linear depressions. This disorder may be caused by trauma, illness, malnutrition or any major metabolic condition, chemotherapy or other damaging event, and is the result of any interruption in the protein formation of the nail plate. Seek a physicians diagnosis.
Koilonychia is usually caused through iron deficiency anemia. these nails show raised ridges and are thin and concave. Seek a physicians advice and treatment.
Melanonychia are vertical pigmented bands, often described as nail 'moles', which usually form in the nail matrix. Seek a physicians care should you suddenly see this change in the nail plate. It could signify a malignant melanoma or lesion.
Pterygium is the inward advance of skin over the nail plate, usually the result of trauma to the matrix due to a surgical procedure or by a deep cut to the nail plate. Pterygium results in the loss of the nail plate due to the development of scar tissue. Never attempt to remove pterygium -instead, consult a physician for advice and treatment.
Pterygium Inversum Unguis
Pterygium Inversum Unguis is an acquired condition characterized by a forward growth of the hyponychium characterized by live tissue firmly attached to the underside of the nail plate, which contains a blood supply and nerves. Possible causes are systemic, hereditary, or from an allergic reaction to acrylics or solvents. Never use force to 'push back' the advancing hyponychium -- it is an extremely painful approach, and will result in a blood flow. Consult a physician for diagnosis and treatment.
Psoriasis of the nails is characterized by raw, scaly skin and is sometimes confused with eczema. When it attacks the nail plate, it will leave it pitted, dry, and it will often crumble. The plate may separate from the nail bed and may also appear red, orange or brown, with red spots in the lunula. Do not attempt salon treatments on a client with Nail Psoriasis. Consult with a dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment.
Brittle Nails are characterized by a vertical splitting or separation of the nail plate layers at the distal (free) edge of the nail plate. In most cases, nail splitting and vertical ridges are characteristic of the natural aging process. This nail problem is also the result of overexposure to water and chemical solvents such as household cleaning solutions.
Vertical Ridges are also characteristic of aging, although are not limited to the aged or elderly. The nail plate grows forward on the nail bed in a 'rail and groove' effect, much like a train rides on its' tracks. As we age, the natural oil and moisture levels decline in the nail plate, and this rail and groove effect becomes apparent
A Hematoma is the result of trauma to the nail plate. The blood is trapped between the nail bed and the nail plate. A hematoma may also indicate a fractured bone. Many people who participate in sports activities experience hematoma because of the constant friction from the shoes against the toenails. Hematoma may result in nail plate separation and infection because the blood can attract fungi and bacteria. If several days have passed and the blood clot becomes painful, the nail plate may require removal so the nail bed can be cleansed.
RAOOF MD provides the following Medical Dermatology services:
- Skin Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment
- Varicose Veins Treatment / Sclerotherapy
- Hair and Nail Disease Treatment
- Rosacea Treatment
- Skin Fungus Treatment
- Eczema / Atopic Dermatitis
- Acne Diagnosis and Treatment
- Sun Damage Skin Treatment
- Pigmentation Disorder
Please call our office or Book Online today for additional details.